Checklist of the Birds of Newfoundland (Unofficial)

This checklist contains all of the 404 species currently recorded on the island of Newfoundland. For some of the rarest species, click to get record details.

* Please note that this is an “unofficial” checklist since an official checklist has not been published in several years, and a number of new species have been recorded during that time.
* The status assigned to each species is my own, and based on the most recent number of records/occurrences. Some species may be more or less common in different parts of the island.

* Last Updated: November 2013

Common Name Latin Name Status
Waterfowl
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus Rare (Less than annual)
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Rare (Less than annual)
Graylag Goose Anser anser Very Rare (<5 records)
Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Ross’s Goose Chen rossii Very Rare (<5 records)
Brant Branta bernicla Rare (Less than annual)
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis Very Rare (
Canada Goose Branta canadensis Common (Breeder)
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus Rare (Less than annual)
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna Very Rare (<5 records)
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Uncommon
Gadwall Anas strepera Very Uncommon
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope Uncommon
American Wigeon Anas americana Uncommon (Breeder)
American Black Duck Anas rubripes Common (Breeder)
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Common (Breeder)
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Uncommon
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata Uncommon
Northern Pintail Anas acuta Uncommon (Breeder)
Garganey Anas querquedula Very Rare (<5 records)
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Common (Breeder)
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Very Rare (<5 records)
Redhead Aythya americana Rare (Less than annual)
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Common (Breeder)
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula Uncommon
Greater Scaup Aythya marila Uncommon (Breeder)
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis Very Uncommon
King Eider Somateria spectabilis Uncommon
Common Eider Somateria mollissima Common (Breeder)
Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus Uncommon (Breeder)
Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata Uncommon
White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca Uncommon
Black Scoter Melanitta nigra Uncommon
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis Common
Bufflehead Bucephala albeola Uncommon
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Common (Breeder)
Barrow’s Goldeneye Bucephala islandica Very Uncommon
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Very Uncommon
Common Merganser Mergus merganser Uncommon (Breeder)
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Common (Breeder)
Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Grouse, Quail, and Allies
Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus Common (Breeder)
Spruce Grouse Falcipennis canadensis Uncommon (Breeder)
Willow Ptarmigan Lagopus lagopus Common (Breeder)
Rock Ptarmigan Lagopus muta Uncommon (Breeder)
Loons and Grebes
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata Uncommon (May Breed)
Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica Very Rare (<5 records)
Common Loon Gavia immer Common (Breeder)
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Very Uncommon
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Uncommon
Flamingos
American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber Very Rare (<5 records)
Albatrosses, Petrels, and Shearwaters
Black-browed Albatross Diomedea melanophris Very Rare (<5 records)
Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis Common (Breeder)
Fea’s Petrel Pterodroma feae Very Rare (<5 records)
Cory’s Shearwater Calonectris diomedea Very Uncommon
Great Shearwater Puffinus gravis Common
Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus Common
Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus Uncommon (Breeder)
Storm-Petrels
Wilson’s Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus Uncommon
Leach’s Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa Common (Breeder)
Tropicbirds
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus Very Rare (<5 records)
Frigatebirds, Boobies, and Gannets
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens Very Rare (<5 records)
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster Very Rare (<5 records)
Northern Gannet Morus bassanu Common (Breeder)
Cormorants, Anhingas, and Pelicans
Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Common (Breeder)
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo Uncommon (Breeder)
American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Very Rare (<5 records)
Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis Very Rare (<5 records)
Herons, Ibis, and Allies
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Common (Breeder)
Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis Rare (Less than annual)
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Locally Common
Gray Heron Ardea cinerea Very Rare (<5 records)
Great Egret Ardea alba Very Uncommon
Little Egret Egretta garzetta Rare (Less than annual)
Western Reef-Heron Egretta gularis Very Rare (<5 records)
Snowy Egret Egretta thula Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Rare (Less than annual)
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor Rare (Less than annual)
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Very Uncommon
Green Heron Butorides virescens Rare (Less than annual)
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Rare (Less than annual)
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea Unusual (Nearly Annual)
White Ibis Eudocimus albus Very Rare (<5 records)
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Rare (Less than annual)
Vultures, Hawks, Falcons and Allies
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura Very Rare (<5 records)
Osprey Pandion haliaetus Common (Breeder)
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Common (Breeder)
Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus Common (Breeder)
Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus Common (Breeder)
Cooper’s Hawk Accipiter cooperii Very Rare (<5 records)
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Common (Breeder)
Swainson’s Hawk Buteo swainsoni Very Rare (<5 records)
Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis Rare (Less than annual)
Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus Uncommon (Breeder)
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Rare (Less than annual)
American Kestrel Falco sparverius Uncommon (Breeder)
Merlin Falco columbarius Common (Breeder)
Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo Very Rare (<5 records)
Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Uncommon
Rails, Gallinules, and Allies
Corn Crake Crex crex Very Rare (<5 records)
Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris Very Rare (<5 records)
King Rail Rallus elegans Very Rare (<5 records)
Virginia Rail Rallus limicola Rare (Less than annual)
Sora Porzana carolina Very Uncommon
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica Rare (Less than annual)
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus Rare (Less than annual)
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra Very Rare (<5 records)
American Coot Fulica americana Very Uncommon
Cranes
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis Rare (Less than annual)
Shorebirds
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola Common in Migration
European Golden-Plover Pluvialis apricaria Unusual (Nearly Annual)
American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica Common in Migration
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva Very Rare (<5 records)
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula Rare (Less than annual)
Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Common in Migration
Piping Plover Charadrius melodus Uncommon (Breeder)
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Uncommon (Breeder)
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus Very Rare (<5 records)
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus Very Rare (<5 records)
American Avocet Recurvirostra americana Rare (Less than annual)
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius Common (Breeder)
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Very Uncommon
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus Very Rare (<5 records)
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca Common (Breeder)
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia Very Rare (<5 records)
Willet Tringa semipalmata Uncommon (Breeder)
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes Uncommon
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola Very Rare (<5 records)
Common Redshank Tringa totanus Very Rare (<5 records)
Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda Rare (Less than annual)
Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis Extinct
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Common in Migration
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata Very Rare (<5 records)
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa Rare (Less than annual)
Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica Uncommon
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica Very Rare (<5 records)
Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa Very Rare (<5 records)
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Common in Migration
Red Knot Calidris canutus Uncommon
Sanderling Calidris alba Common in Migration
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla Common in Migration
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri Rare (Less than annual)
Little Stint Calidris minuta Very Rare (<5 records)
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Common (Breeder)
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis Common in Migration
Baird’s Sandpiper Calidris bairdii Uncommon
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Uncommon
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima Common (Winter)
Dunlin Calidris alpina Uncommon
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea Rare (Less than annual)
Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus Very Uncommon
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis Very Uncommon
Ruff Philomachus pugnax Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus Common in Migration
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Very Rare (<5 records)
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus Very Rare (<5 records)
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago Very Rare (<5 records)
Wilson’s Snipe Gallinago delicata Common (Breeder)
Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola Very Rare (<5 records)
American Woodcock Scolopax minor Very Uncommon
Wilson’s Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Uncommon
Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius Uncommon
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla Common (Breeder)
Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea Very Uncommon
Sabine’s Gull Xema sabini Rare (Less than annual)
Bonaparte’s Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia Uncommon
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus Uncommon (Breeder)
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus Rare (Less than annual)
Ross’s Gull Rhodostethia rosea Rare (Less than annual)
Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla Very Uncommon
Franklin’s Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan Rare (Less than annual)
Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris Very Rare (<5 records)
Mew Gull Larus canus Very Uncommon
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Common (Breeder)
Herring Gull Larus argentatus Common (Breeder)
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Thayer’s Gull Larus thayeri Rare (Less than annual)
Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides Common (Winter)
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus Uncommon
Slaty-backed Gull Larus schistisagus Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Glaucous-winged Gull Larus glaucescens Very Rare (<5 records)
Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus Common (Winter)
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus Common (Breeder)
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus Very Rare (<5 records)
Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus Very Rare (<5 records)
Least Tern Sternula antillarum Very Rare (<5 records)
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica Very Rare (<5 records)
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia Uncommon (Breeder)
Black Tern Chlidonias niger Unusual (Nearly Annual)
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus Very Rare (<5 records)
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii Very Rare (<5 records)
Common Tern Sterna hirundo Common (Breeder)
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea Common (Breeder)
Forster’s Tern Sterna forsteri Rare (Less than annual)
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus Very Rare (<5 records)
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis Very Rare (<5 records)
Black Skimmer Rynchops niger Very Rare (<5 records)
Skuas and Jaegers
Great Skua Stercorarius skua Unusual (Nearly Annual)
South Polar Skua Stercorarius maccormicki Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus Uncommon
Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus Uncommon
Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus Very Uncommon
Alcids
Dovekie Alle alle Uncommon
Common Murre Uria aalge Common (Breeder)
Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia Uncommon (Breeder)
Razorbill Alca torda Uncommon (Breeder)
Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle Common (Breeder)
Long-billed Murrelet Brachyramphus perdix Very Rare (<5 records)
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica Common (Breeder)
Pigeons and Doves
Rock Pigeon Columba livia Common (Breeder)
White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura Uncommon (May Breed)
Cuckoos
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Very Uncommon
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Rare (Less than annual)
Owls
Barn Owl Tyto alba Very Rare (<5 records)
Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus Uncommon (Breeder)
Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus Uncommon
Northern Hawk Owl Surnia ulula Uncommon (Breeder)
Long-eared Owl Asio otus Very Rare (<5 records)
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Uncommon (Breeder)
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus Uncommon (Breeder)
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus Uncommon (Breeder)
Nightjars
Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Chuck-will’s-widow Caprimulgus carolinensis Very Rare (<5 records)
Swifts
Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica Very Uncommon
Hummingbirds
Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris Uncommon (Breeder)
Anna’s Hummingbird Calypte anna Very Rare (<5 records)
Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus Very Rare (<5 records)
Kingfishers
Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon Common (Breeder)
Woodpeckers
Lewis’s Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis Very Rare (<5 records)
Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Very Rare (<5 records)
Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Rare (Less than annual)
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Very Uncommon
Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens Common (Breeder)
Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus Common (Breeder)
Am. Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides dorsalis Uncommon (Breeder)
Black-backed Woodpecker Picoides arcticus Uncommon (Breeder)
Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus Common (Breeder)
Tyrant Flycatchers: Pewees, Kingbirds, and Allies
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Uncommon (Breeder)
Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens Very Uncommon
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris Common (Breeder)
Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Common (Breeder)
Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus Uncommon (Breeder)
Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Say’s Phoebe Sayornis saya Very Rare (<5 records)
Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Rare (Less than annual)
Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens Very Rare (<5 records)
Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes luteiventris Very Rare (<5 records)
Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Rare (Less than annual)
Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Uncommon
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus Very Rare (<5 records)
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana Very Rare (<5 records)
Shrikes
Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor Uncommon
Vireos
White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus Rare (Less than annual)
Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons Rare (Less than annual)
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Uncommon (Breeder)
Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus Very Uncommon
Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus Uncommon (Breeder)
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus Uncommon (Breeder)
Jays, Magpies, Crows, and Ravens
Gray Jay Perisoreus canadensis Common (Breeder)
Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata Common (Breeder)
Black-billed Magpie Pica hudsonia Very Rare (<5 records)
Eurasian Jackdaw Corvus monedula Very Rare (<5 records)
American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Common (Breeder)
Common Raven Corvus corax Common (Breeder)
Larks
Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris  Common (Breeder)
Martins and Swallows
Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Rare (Less than annual)
Purple Martin Progne subis Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Common (Breeder)
Violet-Green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina Very Rare (<5 records)
Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Uncommon (Breeder)
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Uncommon (Breeder)
Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Uncommon
Cave Swallow Petrochelidon fulva Very Rare (<5 records)
Chickadees and Titmice
Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus Common (Breeder)
Boreal Chickadee Poecile hudsonicus Common (Breeder)
Nuthatches
White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Very Rare (<5 records)
Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis Common (Breeder)
Creepers
Brown Creeper Certhia americana Common (Breeder)
Wrens
House Wren Troglodytes aedon Rare (Less than annual)
Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes Uncommon (Breeder)
Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Rare (Less than annual)
Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus Very Rare (<5 records)
Gnatcatchers
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Very Uncommon
Kinglets
Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa Common (Breeder)
Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula Common (Breeder)
Old World Flycatchers
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe Very Uncommon
Thrushes
Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis Very Rare (<5 records)
Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides Very Rare (<5 records)
Townsend’s Solitaire Myadestes townsendi Rare (Less than annual)
Veery Catharus fuscescens Uncommon (Breeder)
Gray-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus Uncommon (Breeder)
Swainson’s Thrush Catharus ustulatus Common (Breeder)
Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus Common (Breeder)
Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina Rare (Less than annual)
Eurasian Blackbird Turdus merula Very Rare (<5 records)
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris Rare (Less than annual)
Redwing Turdus iliacus Rare (Less than annual)
American Robin Turdus migratorius Common (Breeder)
Varied Thrush Ixoreus naevius Rare (Less than annual)
Catbirds, Mockingbirds, and Thrashers
Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis Uncommon (Breeder)
Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Uncommon (May Breed)
Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum Rare (Less than annual)
Starlings and Mynas
European Starling Sturnus vulgaris Common (Breeder)
Wagtails and Pipits
White Wagtail Motacilla alba Very Rare (<5 records)
American Pipit Anthus rubescens Common (Breeder)
Waxwings
Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus Uncommon (Breeder)
Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Uncommon (Breeder)
Longspurs and Snow Buntings
Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus Uncommon
Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus Very Rare (<5 records)
Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis Common (Winter)
Wood-Warblers
Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora pinus Rare (Less than annual)
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Rare (Less than annual)
Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina Common (Breeder)
Orange-crowned Warbler Vermivora celata Uncommon
Nashville Warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Uncommon (May Breed)
Virginia’s Warbler Oreothlypis virginiae Very Rare (<5 records)
Northern Parula Parula americana Uncommon (May Breed)
Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia Common (Breeder)
Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Uncommon (May Breed)
Magnolia Warbler Dendroica magnolia Common (Breeder)
Cape May Warbler Dendroica tigrina Uncommon (Breeder)
Black-throated Blue Warbler Dendroica caerulescens Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Yellow-rumped Warbler Dendroica coronata Common (Breeder)
Black-throated Gray Warbler Dendroica nigrescens Very Rare (<5 records)
Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens Common (Breeder)
Townsend’s Warbler Dendroica townsendi Rare (Less than annual)
Hermit Warbler Dendroica occidentalis Very Rare (<5 records)
Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca Uncommon (Breeder)
Yellow-throated Warbler Dendroica dominica Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Pine Warbler Dendroica pinus Very Uncommon
Prairie Warbler Dendroica discolor Very Uncommon
Palm Warbler Dendroica palmarum Common (Breeder)
Bay-breasted Warbler Dendroica castanea Uncommon (Breeder)
Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata Common (Breeder)
Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea Rare (Less than annual)
Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia Common (Breeder)
American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla Common (Breeder)
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Rare (Less than annual)
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorum Rare (Less than annual)
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla Common (Breeder)
Northern Waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis Common (Breeder)
Kentucky Warbler Oporornis formosus Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis Very Rare (<5 records)
Mourning Warbler Oporornis philadelphia Common (Breeder)
Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Uncommon (Breeder)
Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Wilson’s Warbler Wilsonia pusilla Common (Breeder)
Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis Very Uncommon
Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens Very Uncommon
Sparrows and other Emberizids
Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus Very Rare (<5 records)
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Rare (Less than annual)
American Tree Sparrow Spizella arborea Uncommon (Breeder)
Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina Uncommon (Breeder)
Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla Rare (Less than annual)
Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Very Rare (<5 records)
Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys Very Rare (<5 records)
Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Common (Breeder)
Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Nelson’s Sparrow Ammodramus nelsoni Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Common (Breeder)
Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia Common (Breeder)
Lincoln’s Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Common (Breeder)
Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana Common (Breeder)
White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Common (Breeder)
Harris’s Sparrow Zonotrichia querula Very Rare (<5 records)
White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Uncommon (Breeder)
Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis Common (Breeder)
Cardinals, Grosbeaks, and Allies
Summer Tanager Piranga rubra Rare (Less than annual)
Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea Very Uncommon
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana Very Rare (<5 records)
Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Very Rare (<5 records)
Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Very Uncommon
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus Very Rare (<5 records)
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea Very Uncommon
Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena Very Rare (<5 records)
Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea Very Uncommon
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris Very Rare (<5 records)
Dickcissel Spiza americana Very Uncommon
Blackbirds
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Uncommon (Breeder)
Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Uncommon (Breeder)
Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna Rare (Less than annual)
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Rare (Less than annual)
Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus Uncommon (Breeder)
Brewer’s Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus Very Rare (<5 records)
Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula Uncommon (Breeder)
Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater Very Uncommon
Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius Very Rare (<5 records)
Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula Uncommon
Bullock’s Oriole Icterus bullockii Very Rare (<5 records)
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies
Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs Very Rare (<5 records)
Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator Common (Breeder)
Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus Common (Breeder)
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Uncommon (Breeder)
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera Common (Eruptive)
Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea Common (Eruptive)
Hoary Redpoll Acanthis hornemanni Unusual (Nearly Annual)
Pine Siskin Spinus pinus Common (Eruptive)
American Goldfinch Spinus tristis Common (Breeder)
Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Common (Eruptive)
Old World Sparrows
House Sparrow Passer domesticus Common (Breeder)
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6 thoughts on “Checklist of the Birds of Newfoundland (Unofficial)

  1. Jared. That’s a lot of time and work here. Commendable job. The curiosity alone madecreading your Checklist worthwhile. Thank you.

    Paul Barrett

  2. Super votre liste car je ne trouve pas grand chose en français sur les sites de Terre-Neuve et je suis un ornithologue qui veut aller a Terre-Neuve

  3. Great work, alot of effort. Excellent source of information and referance material for birders, biologists and naturalists.

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